Using Sewer tools to Fix the Sewer line

What Are The Different Types Of Sewer Cleaning Tools?

Clogging is a significant problem in residential and commercial developments as it creates severe issues in the sewer system. Clogs in your sewer lines can create enough pressure to cause cracks or leakage in your drain lines. You need to contact professional plumbing services when you notice any issue with your drain lines. 

At Moon Valley Plumbing and Rooter, we offer honest, high-quality, and professional plumbing services in Arizona. We also provide high-grade sewer cleaning tools in Phoenix. 

Ask the Right Questions First

When you contact Moon Valley, we ask the right questions to guide us on the equipment to carry for the plumbing job. We mainly enquire about the type of drain and the type of clog.

Types of Drains

  • Bathtubs and showers

At Moon Valley Plumbing, we use a 3/8 cable for clearing a slow-draining tub or clogs in tubs and showers. If the clog cannot be reached through the overflow and drain, we will go on the roof and cable through the roof vent.

  • Toilets and urinals

The closet auger is the appropriate tool for clearing a stoppage in a toilet. It has a spring that makes it flexible to go through the tight bend in a bowl. We use a telescoping auger for clogs beyond the bowl. We use the urinal auger for urinals as it can go through tight bends.

  • Sinks, laundry tubs, and roof vents

We recommend using handheld models with ¼, 5/16, or 3/8 inch cables as they are suitable for clearing all small diameter drain lines. 

  • Small floor drains and cleanouts

There are wide varieties of machines you can use to clear small floor drains with added features. The most suitable tool for unblocking 2-4 inch drain lines is that with a 3/8 or ½-inch cable. 

  • Floor drains and mainlines

We use heavy-duty sewer cleaning tools with large diameters and strong cables, as they produce enough torque to clear tough clogs and cut through tree roots. The major machines we use to clear floor drains and mainlines include sectional drain cleaning and drum-type drain cleaning machines. We use a picote machine on cast iron to clean out most of the scaling and build-up.

Type of Clogs

Some of the significant causes of clogs in drain lines include:

  • Foreign objects 

We use cable machines and attach other retrieving tools when removing foreign objects such as toys and broken cables, causing stoppage on your drain lines.

  • Grease, Ice, Sand, and Mud

We use water jets to clear grease clogs in residential homes and restaurants. Water jets use high-pressure water to knock and flush away grease stoppages. They also clear sand, and mud clog on metal and plastic drain lines.

  • Debris

Soap, hair, and scales are the common causes of debris blockages. We use cable drain cleaners to clear debris in residential homes.

Major Types of Sewer Cables and Drain Snakes

We ensure to select the correct size and type of sewer cable to remove drain clogs successfully. Good drain sewer cleaning cables are flexible and strong to generate enough torque. Some of the sewer cables and drainage snakes we offer include:

  • The inner core cable is the heaviest and is fitted with nylon strands. This makes it stiff and takes longer to develop torque.
  • The double wounds drain cleaning cable is the strongest and lightest sewer cable. It is intended for use in pipes with fewer bends.
  • No core drain cables are suitable for small residential pipes that are difficult to navigate with heavier cables. 

Always choose the correct sewer cleaning tools, and ask the right questions before starting a plumbing and rooting job. This is important as it helps you do the job quickly, easily saving your client unnecessary expenses. 

Why Choose Moon Valley Plumbing?

Always choose Moon Valley Plumbing since we are licensed, insured, clean, professional, and highly affordable. Contact us for professional plumbing work in Arizona.


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Low water pressure out of a shower head

Causes of Low Water Pressure in Your Home

Nothing can slow down your day quite like low water pressure. Whether you are trying to take a shower, do the dishes, or even just brush your teeth, low water pressure can make everything take twice as long. Plus, it’s incredibly inconvenient and annoying. 

What causes low water pressure? Many things can cause low water pressure in your Arizona home, including regulator damage and clogged or leaky pipes. Read on to find out more. 

The Pressure Regulator Is Damaged

A pressure regulator is a device that keeps water pressure at a consistent level. Not all home plumbing systems come standard with a regulator, so if your home doesn’t happen to have one you may have to look at some other reasons for the cause of low water pressure. However, in the case that your home has a damaged regulator, it will need to be replaced to get your pressure back to normal. 

Clogged Pipes

Another common cause of low water pressure is clogged pipes. This is often due to the buildup of sediment over time. If your pipes are clogged, it can restrict water flow and cause low water pressure. If you have clogged water pipes or aerator on your faucet, call a professional plumber to ensure the job is completed properly and safely.

The Meter or Shut-off Valve Is Not Fully Open

The meter valve is found where the main water line comes into your home. On the other hand, the shut-off valve is located inside your house, where your home’s water line branches off to different parts of the house. If either of these valves is not fully open, it can cause low water pressure. To fix this, simply turn the valve all the way open. However, if you have a problem with your meter or shut-off valve, it is best to call a professional plumber to look at it and make any necessary repairs.

Leaking Pipes

Leaking pipes are an extreme safety hazard and a common cause of low water pressure. When water leaks out of the pipes, it reduces the amount of water available to flow through the system. As a result, less water is available, leading to lower water pressure. If you notice small puddles of water around your home, it is best to call a professional plumber right away to fix the problem.

The Water Pressure in Your Area Is Low

Sometimes, the low water pressure issue may be beyond you. If the water pressure in your area is low, there may not be much you can do about it. One of the ways to find out if the problem is with the water company is to ask your neighbors if they are experiencing the same issue. If they are, you can call the water company and ask them what they can do to help improve the situation.

How Moon Valley Plumbing and Rooter Can Help

Low water pressure can be a nuisance, but Moon Valley Plumbing and Rooter experts are here to help. We have a team of experienced, certified, bonded, and insured plumbers who can quickly and efficiently diagnose the problem and find a solution that works for you. We understand that everyone’s needs are different, and that’s why we offer a wide range of services to choose from. 

Whether you need a simple repair or a complete plumbing overhaul, we’ve got you covered. Don’t wait any longer; give us a call today and let us help you with any plumbing issues in your Phoenix, AZ home.


Image Credit: Quality Stock Arts/Shutterstock

4 Things to Learn About Low Flow Toilets & Plumbing Fixtures

The conservation of water can prove crucial for communities in dry, hot parts of the country such as Arizona, especially when the local reservoirs run particularly low. For many Americans, low-flow toilets offer a more resource-efficient way to flush, preserving more water for the community while also reducing utility bills.

If you have never had a low-flow toilet in your home, you should get to know these pieces of equipment, from the various mechanisms that make them so efficient to the potential repair and maintenance issues to keep in mind. Start by examining the following four important points.

1. Low-Flow Toilets Save Water

Throughout most of the 20th Century, residential toilets commonly featured tanks that typically used five gallons of water for each flush. In 1994, new federal rules aimed at conserving water led to the adoption of the first generation of low-flow toilets that used only 1.6 gallons per flush.

The latest developments in low-flow toilet technology permit units to work successfully while using a mere 1.28 gallons per flush. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) awards a WaterSense label to models that meet their standards for efficiency. These toilets can reduce residential water usage by up to 60 percent.

2. Low-Flow Toilets Can Pose Some Special Challenges

As effective and appealing as low-flow toilets may seem as a way to slash your water bill and help your community, these appliances can prove more vulnerable to certain problems than traditional pre-1994 toilets. In fact, the earliest low-flow toilets almost always required two flushes instead of one, limiting their cost-effectiveness.

Modern low-flow toilets benefit from design modifications that reduce the need for multiple flushes. However, these units may still clog relatively easily, since the lower volume of water moves with less force. Power towels, trash, feminine hygiene products, and other flushed items can easily create a partial or total blockage.

The installation of low-flow toilets can also have a negative effect on certain kinds of plumbing pipes. Old-style drain pipes made from iron or galvanized steel, in particular, may corrode more quickly than usual as liquid and solid waste move through them at a reduced pace.

3. Low-Flow Toilets Come in Different Forms

Just as low-flow toilets provide a welcome alternative to older traditional designs, modern low-flow toilets offer a few different alternatives for homeowners looking to make the switch. For one thing, several of today’s designs actually need far less than 1.28 gallons per flush, making them especially water-efficient.

Many low-flow toilets come with a dual-flush capability. In this design, you have the option of using one button or lever to flush liquid waste and another button or lever to flush solid waste. Each option uses a different volume of water, ensuring that solid waste gets flushed the first time while using minimal water for liquid waste disposal.

Some state-of-the-art low-flow toilets combine water pressure with air pressure to keep waste moving along without the need for excess water. These pressure-assist models cost more than standard toilets and can prove mechanically complex, but they have the added advantage of sporting a small tank that saves space.

4. Low-Flow Toilets Work Just Fine With Proper Care

Don’t assume that the switchover to low-flow toilets has to result in clogs and breakdowns. You can keep your low-toilets running perfectly well simply by taking care about what kinds of objects you try to flush with them. Warn family members and visitors not to flush anything other than waste and toilet paper down these toilets.

Think about the state and age of your pipes before installing low-flow toilets. Your plumbing technicians can check to see whether you have old metal pipes that might face a heightened risk for corrosion. If so, ask the plumbing team to replace them with modern PVC pipes that will resist corrosion and provide more trouble-free service.

Moon Valley Plumbing and Rooter can help you take the plunge into the world of low-flow toilets. Whether you want to install low-flow toilets throughout your home, need to check the status of pipes before taking that step, or develop a problem with your low-flow toilets, contact us today for skilled professional assistance.

Do you Have a Gurgling Toilet? What You Need to Know.

When you flush your toilet, you expect to hear the familiar sound of the water going down the drain. If you hear anything odd, especially bubbling or gurgling sounds, you probably have something wrong that needs immediate attention. Read more

Plumbing Problems That Only a Skilled Plumbing Technician Can Find

Leaky pipes, a dripping faucet, a clogged drain — these are obvious plumbing issues that an average homeowner can detect without the help of an expert. If you’re confident, you might even try to fix them yourself. But doing so might lead to much bigger problems. You might not know when you’re making a mistake. Read more

Plumbing Upgrades to Consider During a Bathroom Remodel

There are two compelling reasons to consider plumbing upgrades: greater convenience and safety for your family, and increased resale value for your home. Unfortunately, many homeowners aren’t familiar with all of the options available to them to accomplish these goals. Here is an overview of four of the best plumbing upgrades to consider if you want to take advantage of the latest innovations. Read more

Should You Reline or Replace Your Pipes?

Pipes wear out, just like any other plumbing component. That’s why they will need to be replaced or repaired at some point in the future, or leaks will eventually appear and cause a big mess.

However, pipe replacement is also a big job and can require a significant amount of work. As such, an alternative to complete replacement, known as pipe relining, is growing in popularity.

Read more

Drain Clogs: Everything You Should Know

A clogged drain is one of the main plumbing issues that homeowners face. The problem happens when solid objects, such as food and dirt, block the waste pipes. If unattended, the clogs can result in slow draining bathtubs or sinks as well as a foul odor.

Some clogs can happen without your knowledge, but the good thing is that you can get rid of them in time to prevent further plumbing issues. Here’s what you should know about clogged drains.

Signs of Drain Clogs

You can save both time and money if you solve a clogged drain issue early enough. Here are the main signs to watch out for:

  • Toilet bubbles
  • Bad smells from the toilet, sink, or the bathtub
  • Stagnant water beneath the sink or the bathtub
  • Slow drainage from your sinks, restrooms, or bathtubs

An experienced plumber can address the issue and give you helpful tips to prevent a similar problem in the future.

Causes of Drain Clogs

Below is a list of some of the most common causes of drain clogs and an explanation of how to prevent the clogs.


Soap is a primary cause of drain clogs in homes with hard water. Soap residue, commonly known as scum, forms every time you bathe or wash. The residue sticks on the drainpipes and reduces the diameter of the pipes. With time, the residue can completely block the drainage, and this causes a drain clog.

To prevent this issue, use a water softener if you have hard water in your home. Also, clean the drains regularly with a long brush to get rid of any residue on the walls of the pipes.


A common misconception is that all the dirt goes down the drain whenever you clean your bathroom or sink. However, sometimes, the dirt will stick on the pipes and might cause clogs if it accumulates for an extended period.

Clean your drains well. Schedule regular plumbing inspections to have your drains checked of any objects that may affect the smooth flow of water.

Oil and Fat

Fat, oil, or grease can solidify in your drainage pipe and cause drainage issues. However, fats can only cause severe drainage issues when they accumulate for a long time or mix with other types of dirt particles.

Don’t allow oil, fat, or grease to go down any drains. If it happens accidentally, pour hot water down the drain to remove the fats.

Additionally, don’t dispose of food remains down the drain either, because they contain oil or fats that may cause future drain clogs.

Tree Roots and Leaves

Tree roots or leaves can find their way into your drainage pipes and cause water passage problems.

If the roots affect your drainage system, you may need to trim or remove the nearby trees. Trim the twigs too so that they don’t fall into the drainage and cause plumbing issues.

Ways to Unclog Drain Clogs

Drain clogs can be a nuisance, whether they happen in the sink, toilet, or bathtub. Fortunately, you can often unclog them yourself. For example, you may want to try a baking soda and vinegar solution. You can mix these two ingredients to get rid of the tougher clogs. Pour the concoction on the sink or the clogged pipes, scrub with a long brush, and rinse with clean water.

You should only try this DIY hack for minor drain clogs and call an expert for any major ones.

Drain clogs can cause costly damages if you don’t solve them early enough. Call a plumbing expert if the clogs interfere with your daily activities at home. At Moon Valley Plumbing and Rooter, we use the latest plumbing technology to identify and fix drain clogs. Contact us to get quick help for your plumbing issues.

Basics of Thermal Expansion Tanks for Water Heaters

A typical water heater has a tank to hold the water during the heating process and keep it at the ready once it’s been heated. However, most water heaters also need a secondary tank called a thermal expansion tank. This is a smaller tank that typically sits above the water heater and holds both water and air. Read more

New kitchen water faucets

How to Conserve Water In Your Home

Water inefficiency is bad for both your pocket and the environment. Fortunately, you can take a wide range of measures to avoid water wastage at home. Below are some of these measures.

Install High-efficiency Appliances

Water appliances have different efficiencies. Choose the highest efficiency within your budget whenever you want to install an appliance. Here are some useful examples of such appliances:

  • Low-flow showerheads with rates as low as 2 gallons per minute
  • Low-flush toilets that use as little as 1.6 gallons per flush
  • Low-flow faucets that deliver as little as 1.5 gallons per minute

Water appliances are becoming more efficient as time goes on — and without compromising on functionality. If you have old appliances, the chance is high that the contemporary market has numerous efficient appliances you can use to update your current appliances.

Use a Tankless Water Heater

Water heaters come in different varieties, but you can choose between two major categories — tank and tankless systems. The tank system heats and stores hot water, while the tankless system only heats water when you need it.

A tankless water heater is both energy- and water-efficient. Water efficiency is possible because the appliance instantly heats the water when you need it. Thus, you don’t have to wait for some cold water to flow down the drain as the water heats.

Lower Your Water Pressure

Low water pressure reduces the risk of water leaks, which high water pressure can cause by forcing its way through small spaces in pipe joints. Additionally, low water pressure reduces water delivery per minute, which reduces overall water use. Both of these perks can help you achieve better water efficiency in your home.

To lower the water pressure in your home, adjust the pressure regulator that sits just after the water meter outside the house. Ensure the pressure reading doesn’t exceed 80 psi.

Prevent Plumbing Leaks

A leaking plumbing system wastes water and makes you pay for the water you aren’t using. Because of this, you’ll want to prevent and plug leaks as soon as they occur. The following tips should help:

  • Prevent your pipes from freezing and bursting by wrapping them in heated tape.
  • Replace corroded pipes that are likely to leak.
  • Replace worn-out fixtures, such as washers or gaskets.

Install a leak detector to alert you as soon as a leak occurs. If you detect a leak, shut off your water supply and plug the leak as soon as possible.

Install a Water Recycling System

Did you know you can recycle some of the wastewater from your house for reuse? A typical house produces two types of wastewater — black and gray water. The black water comes from the toilet and shouldn’t be recycled. Grey water comes from various other sources, such as showers, sinks, and bathtubs, and you can often recycle this water.

You can install a recycling system that separates the grey water from the black water and purifies it. The installation is especially easy and cost-effective during construction. You can use the water for non-consumption activities, such as watering the lawn and washing clothes.

If you choose to install one of these systems, ensure you follow your state’s water recycling regulations.

Change Your Water-Usage Habits

Changing your water-usage habits can have a big effect on your overall water efficiency. Some things you can do include the following:

  • Take shorter showers.
  • Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth.
  • Don’t flush garbage down the toilet.
  • Run washing machines at full load.

Indoctrinate all household members to water-saving tips — collective efforts work better than individual efforts.

Three things are critical to your water conservation efforts — good plumbing installation, proper maintenance, and water-usage habits. Moon Valley Plumbing can help you with the first two things. We also provide emergency services to those who need immediate help after hours. Contact us with your plumbing problem to get a professional solution.